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Crops Biotech Update


GREEN SUPER RICE FOR A GREENER REVOLUTION

A collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has developed Green Super Rice (GSR), a new breed of rice varieties that perform well in the toughest conditions.   GSR is a mix of more than 250 different potential rice varieties that can...

SAINSBURY LABORATORY SCIENTISTS SOLVED 79-YEAR-OLD MYSTERY OF PLANT RESPONSE TO HEAT

Scientists at the Sainsbury Laboratory have discovered how plants vary their response to heat stress depending on the time of day, solving a 79-year-old mystery.   Since 1939, it has been known that plants' response to heat stress fluctuates between day and night. The daily cycle of plant heat resistance is a strategy that protects plants from...

SHCIGT CONFERS ABIOTIC STRESS TOLERANCE IN TOMATO

The trihelix transcription factor family plays important roles in plant morphological development and adaptation to abiotic stresses. Huazhong Agricultural University researchers, led by Chuying Yu have isolated a cold-induced gene, ShCIGT, from the wild tomato Solanum habrochaites. The team aims to study its role in abiotic stress tolerance.   ShCIGT was found to be expressed in various...

NIGERIA IS GEARING TOWARDS COMMERCIALIZING GM SEEDS

In Nigeria, local seed companies have a strategic role to play in the multiplication and distribution of seeds to farmers when GM seeds become available in the market. This was according to Dr. Rose Gidado, assistant director of the National Biotechnology Development Agency (NABDA).   The biosafety law of Nigeria was put in place in 2015, followed...

GENETIC TRIGGER ADDS BRANCHES TO PLANTS, COULD BOOST CROP YIELDS

Plants cannot make unlimited number of branches -- a gene puts the brakes on this process called shoot branching. A group of researchers, though, reveals a chemical that can reverse this limitation, possibly leading to improved crop production.   A regulator gene called D14 was identified in previous studies about shoot branching. Shinya Hagihara, Yuichiro Tsuchiya and colleagues...

AUSTRALIAN OGTR APPROVES GM COTTON (COT102) AND CANOLA (DHA CANOLA)

The Australian Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) announced the approval for commercial release of insect resistant cotton (COT102) and GM canola with improved omega-3 oil content (DHA canola).   According to the OGTR notices, COT102 and DHA canola, as well as the products derived from them, may enter general commerce, including use in human food...

FOUND: GENE THAT CONFERS RESISTANCE TO SEPTORIA

Researchers have, for the first time, isolated a gene that will give wheat a natural resistance to Septoria tritici blotch (STB, or Septoria). Septoria is the main leaf disease of wheat in temperate regions and a major threat for wheat production globally, capable of halving crop yields. The disease is caused by the fungal pathogen...

SCIENTISTS CONCLUDE SAFETY OF PSEUDOMONAS AS SOURCE OF GENES FOR GM CROPS

Scientists from DuPont Pioneer, USA, investigated the safety of bacterium Pseudomonas chlororaphis as gene source for genetically modified crops. The results are published in an open-access article in Transgenic Research journal.   GM crops go through rigorous science-based assessment process to characterize their food, feed, and environmental safety before commercialization. The process of safety assessment entails various steps...

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[Top] HIGH ADOPTION OF BIOTECH CROPS RECORDED IN 2016

  In 2016, the global area of biotech crops reached 185.1 million hectares, according to a research paper authored by Drs. Rhodora Aldemita and Randy Hautea of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA). The results of their study are published on February 2, 2018 in GM Crops and Food.   According to the paper,...

USDA AND FDA COMMIT TO WORK TOGETHER TO ENSURE FOOD SAFETY

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which are in charge of enforcing the country's food safety laws, agreed to enhance their cooperation and coordination, review biotech regulations, and apply a new system for farm safety inspections.   According to their formal agreement, USDA and FDA share jurisdiction over food products in...

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